How is Plasma Gasification Different from Gasification?

Increasingly, plasma gasification is being used to convert municipal solid waste, or MSW, into valuable forms of energy. While this type of waste has been burned, or incinerated, for decades to create heat and electricity, the plasma gasification process represents significant advances. In order to understand the advantages of plasma gasification when compared to gasification, it’s important to understand the significant differences between the two processes:

Gasification converts fossil fuel or organic fuel based materials into carbon monoxidecarbon dioxide and hydrogen.

Plasma Gasification converts MSW to a usable synthesis gas, or syngas. It is the production of this syngas which makes gasification so different from gasification. In the plasma gasification process, the MSW is not a fuel, but a feedstock for a high temperature chemical conversion process. In the gasifier, the MSW reacts with little or no oxygen, breaking down the feedstock into simple molecules and converting them into syngas. The syngas produced by plasma gasification can be turned into higher valuable commercial products such as transportation fuels, chemicals, and fertilizers.